The Linux operating system has transformed file archiving into a free, reputable, reliable, and secure file management process. By archiving your file(s) under a Linux operating system environment, you guarantee its integrity and security. Your files become free of compromise from both users and applications active in the system.
To create tar files on a Linux OS environment, we need to reference the usage of the tar command. In summary, the tar command can achieve the following objectives as a file archiving utility:
- Create tar files.
- Extract tar archives from existing/created tar files.
- List the content of an existing/created tar archive(s).
- Update existing/created tar archive with more files.
- Removing files from existing/created tar archive.
When you create a tar (Tape Archive) file from the Linux command line environment, you will either result in a tar file with the extension
.tar.bz2. When compressing a tar file, the tool you use for the compression process determines the final tar file name.
For instance, Using GZIP compression tool results in a tar file name with the extension
.tar.gz , and using the BZIP2 compression tool results in
.tar.bz2 file name extension.
[ You might also like: How to Tar Specific File Types (Extensions) in a Directory ]
GZIP is faster than BZIP2 in its compression and decompression routines but BZIP2 leads to smaller compression (15% decrease in compression).
This article guide will walk us through creating and managing
.tar.bz2 file archives on a Linux operating system environment.
Creating a tar.bz2 File in Linux
For this tutorial, we will need access to some reference files for archiving into a
.tar.bz2 file archive.
The tar command general syntax is as follows:
$ tar [OPERATION_AND_OPTIONS] [ARCHIVE_NAME] [FILE_NAME(s)]
From the general tar syntax reference above, to create a
.tar.bz2 file archive, an ideal syntax will look like the following:
$ tar -cjf ARCHIVE_NAME.tar.bz2 [FILE_NAMES]
The command option
-c initiates the archive file creation process,
-j specifies that the file archive should have a
.tar.bz2b extension, and
-f instructs the whole tar operation to use the device archive.
For instance, if we reference the above screen capture, the LinuxShellTips_Files directory hosts several files and folders. To archive the images directory together with the file_1.txt and file_2.txt files, our tar command will be as follows:
$ tar -cjf images_and_files.tar.bz2 /home/dnyce/LinuxShellTips_Files/images /home/dnyce/LinuxShellTips_Files/file_1.txt /home/dnyce/LinuxShellTips_Files/file_2.txt
To list the content present in this tar file, we will use the
-t option and run:
$ tar -tf images_and_files.tar.bz2
For more details on the above output like file owner and file size, use
-v (–verbose) option:
$ tar -tvf images_and_files.tar.bz2
To extract the archive file, include the
$ tar -xf images_and_files.tar.bz2
To extract the archive file to a specific directory, include the
-C option and path to that directory.
$ tar -xf images_and_files.tar.bz2 -C /home/dnyce/linuxshelltips/decompressed
To add a file to the existing tar archive, use the
-r option for
$ tar -rvf images_and_files.tar.bz2 /home/dnyce/LinuxShellTips_Files/file_3.txt
We have successfully learned how to create and manage
.tar.bz2 archive files in a Linux OS environment.